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The Melchizedek Order Royal Priest Covenant

The New Covenant in Jer 31:31-34Jer 31:31-34
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and its exegesis in Heb 8:6-13Heb 8:6-13
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may only be fully understood when reading the promises of the New Priesthood in the Tanakh (Psalm 110:4Psalm 110:4
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& Isaiah 61:6Isaiah 61:6
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). It is also necessary to understand that the First Priesthood covenant was only temporary. The blood of animals could not: atone permanently for sins or change the sinful condition of the heart. The blood of animals but could only cover temporarily for involuntary sins.

Furthermore, with the passing of time the First Priesthood covenant became defiled (Neh_13:29 & Mal 2:8Mal 2:8
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). Yahweh used prophets Jeremiah (31-31-34) and Isaiah (61:6) to promise a New everlasting Priestly Covenant. Prophet Amos was used to promise a day when Yahweh Himself will rebuild the fallen tabernacle of David and join the remnant of men (Israel) and all the Gentiles that invoke His name (LXX Amos 9:11-12Amos 9:11-12
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).

There was an inherent flaw in the Levitical priestly covenant (Lev 10:12-18Lev 10:12-18
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) and it is made explicit in (Heb 7:11;8:7Heb 7:11;8:7
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). The priests were forbidden from eating of the sin offering when the shed blood was brought within the veil for atonement (Lev 6:30Lev 6:30
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). When the blood of the sin offering for atonement was not brought within the veil then the priests were commanded to eat of the sin offering (Lev 10:18Lev 10:18
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). Eating of it would completely identify the priests with the nature of the sin of the people for which they made atonement (Lev 10:17Lev 10:17
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).

Furthermore, as Whedon explains in his commentary: “Leviticus 6:30Leviticus 6:30
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. Blood… brought into the tabernacle — This refers to the sin offerings for the high priest and for the whole congregation, Lev 4:5Lev 4:5
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; Lev 4:16Lev 4:16
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, the blood of which was brought into the tabernacle and the bodies burnt without the camp. The complete propitiation symbolized by the sprinkled blood and the flesh eaten by the priest could not be effected under the Levitical dispensation. When the flesh was eaten, the blood-sprinkling within the tabernacle was lacking; and when the blood was thus sacrificially treated, eating the flesh was prohibited. For the imperfection in the Old Testament remission of sins, see Introduction, (7.) Jesus Christ made a complete atonement, having carried his blood into the holy place, “the true tabernacle,” and given his flesh to be the bread of eternal life to all believers. Joh 6:32-58Joh 6:32-58
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.”

Thus, the letter to the Hebrews explains how Yahweh addressed this deficiency and introduced the New Priesthood Covenant also referred to as the Second Covenant. This letter is written when the Roman Legions begin to pour into Jerusalem and near the time of the prophesied destruction of the Temple.

Heb 7:12Heb 7:12
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For the priesthood being “transposed,” of necessity there takes place a “transfer” of the law.

We believe that Yahushua inducted the disciples into the everlasting covenant of the royal priesthood of the order of Melchizedek. This happened at the Pesach Seder when He broke bread and shared wine mirroring Gen 14:18Gen 14:18
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. He also washed the disciple’s feet mirroring Ex 40:12Ex 40:12
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&31. The exegesis of Jer 31:31-34Jer 31:31-34
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in Heb 8:6-13Heb 8:6-13
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confirms that the New Covenant is the Covenant of the Royal Priesthood according to the order of Melchizedek.

With Yahushua’s royal priesthood and atonement sacrifice, this fault is done away once and forevermore. He brings His shed blood beyond the veil of His own body, which is the new temple, and He gives His flesh to be eaten as bread and blood to be drank, as wine, as a living altar (1 Cor 9:131 Cor 9:13
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). Sharing of His flesh and drinking His blood brings eternal life to all His royal priests. His Words are spirit and true life giving meat (John 6:63John 6:63
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). He made atonement for us and for all the people that believe in Him, obey Him and consecrate themselves for Him (Mat 26:26-29Mat 26:26-29
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; John 6:53-58John 6:53-58
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). This close identification with His nature, with the nature of His sin offering and atonement sacrifice is required to belong to Him. We do this in obedience to be a part of His body and to partake of his royal priestly ministry.

The LXX translated H2319 “chadashah” to G2537 “kainos” in Jeremiah 31:31Jeremiah 31:31
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and “kainos” is the same word used in Luke 22:20Luke 22:20
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and in 1 Cor 11:251 Cor 11:25
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. The word has three usages in Hebrew: 1) Fresh as in not aged. 2) New as in contrast to the old 3) Renewed. Furthermore, there is another Greek word used in the NT besides “kainos” and it is “neos” which means entirely new.

We believe this Second Covenant of the Priesthood exchanged positions with the Levitical priesthood. The Levites were formerly in charge of teaching Torah and administering the day to day Legal issues in court. Yahweh found fault in THEM (Heb 8:7-8Heb 8:7-8
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) but not in the everlasting covenant or in the Law. Yahushua indicted them when he said they had made the house a den of thieves. (Mat_21; Mar_11:17;Luk_19:46). They had made many to stumble at the Law and corrupted the covenant of Levi (Mal 2:8Mal 2:8
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). He didn’t find fault on the Law, on the contrary, He writes His Law in minds and hearts. The kings had to write a copy of the Torah, in order to rule Israel. But now the Torah is written in minds and hearts for everyone joined to the covenant.

When the disciples assembled the council in Jerusalem in Acts 15, it was quite clear that they had taken responsibility for such decisions away from Sanhedrin and away from Levites.

Paul quotes Isaiah 59:20-21Isaiah 59:20-21
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in Romans 11:26-27Romans 11:26-27
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and connects it with the New Covenant’s promised atonement for sins, a sacrificial and priestly duty, in Jer 31:34Jer 31:34
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which in the First (Priestly) Covenant didn’t exist for the tribe of Judah.

Peter addresses the believers as Royal Priests in 1 Pe 2:51 Pe 2:5
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&9. John reveals that the elect are kings and priests for Yahweh in Rev 1:6; 5:10;20:6Rev 1:6; 5:10;20:6
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If you have been blessed by this study, let us know by coming to Congregation Heralds to study it with us.

by Ricardo Rodríguez

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